SIA Share Price Soared 14% After Possible Vaccine News: Is the Airline Stock a Buy?
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SIA Share Price Soared 14% After Possible Vaccine News: Is the Airline Stock a Buy?

profileSudhan P
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The Singapore stock market rose to levels not seen since early-June this year as investors cheered the news of a potential vaccine defeating the coronavirus pandemic.

On 10 November, Singapore’s stock market benchmark, the Straits Times Index (STI) surged 3.7%, or 95.6 points, to 2,705. 

The biggest winner of the STI that day was Singapore’s flag carrier, Singapore Airlines (SGX: C6L) (or SIA for short), which increased by 14% to S$3.91.

It would have been a welcome respite for investors as the airline has been beyond battered by the COVID-19 pandemic. 

I’m hoping the promising COVID-19 vaccine by Pfizer and BioNTech, which is touted to be over 90% effective, puts an end to the virus that has made 2020 a year to forget. 

But even if the vaccine, or other vaccines, are safe for mass use, does it make Singapore Airlines an automatic buy?

Or are there better opportunities out there for us to put our money into?  

Let’s find out. 


TL;DR: Is It Worth Buying Singapore Airlines (SIA) Shares?

SIA-share-price-rise-Seedly

We’ll explore the company’s investment worth by understanding the following:

  • SIA is operating in a price-sensitive industry, and that doesn’t bode well for the long-term as an investor.
  • Cash is tied up to upkeep SIA’s young fleet, and that means money cannot be used to grow its business or pay increasing dividends.
  • SIA’s balance sheet has been strengthened with the recent rights issues, but the question remains how long this can last.
  • In my opinion, there are better places to invest our money in the long run.

Capacity Cuts Slowly Easing

Earlier in March this year, Singapore Airlines announced that it “will be cutting 96% of the capacity that had been originally scheduled up to end-April”, calling the current situation the “greatest challenge” that it “has faced in its existence”. 

However, things are looking slightly better now. 

Last month, SIA said that it will continue to increase flights gradually, reaching about 15% of its usual passenger capacity by the end of this year. 

Moreover, news just dropped that the Singapore-Hong Kong air travel bubble will start on November 22 with one flight a day to each city, gradually increasing to two flights per day from December 7. SIA will be the chosen airline from Singapore. 

If the vaccine really proves effective, people would be able to globe-trot freely once again, and SIA’s business would eventually recover. 

But whether the airlines can continue doing well over the long run is another question altogether, since the long-term economics for airline stocks don’t look great. 

Cheap Is Good for Consumers

The airline industry is notorious for being a competitive one.

Unlike luxury goods, there’s very little brand loyalty when it comes to flying on a particular airline. 

I, for one, usually go for the low-cost option if my trip is just within Asia, which is mostly the case. There are lots of options to choose from for me — Scoot, Jetstar, AirAsia, and so on.

Nowadays, with the advent of price-comparison sites like Skyscanner, I can make my life easier by sieving out the lowest price to fly from one place to another.

(Yes, I don’t mind the inconvenience of having nothing to nibble on for just a few hours.)

As an investor, I shun buying companies that are price-takers

Price-takers tend to have low net profit margins since they can’t command a high price for their goods. I prefer to invest in companies with net profit margins of more than 20% (or the price-makers).

In SIA’s instance, its net profit margin is clearly low.

For its financial year ended 31 March 2019 (FY2018/19), it posted revenue of S$16.3 billion while its net profit was S$682.7 million. 

(I’m not using FY2019/20 results as SIA went into a net loss due to the pandemic.)

Dividing net profit by revenue, we get a net profit margin of just 4%, which ain’t gonna fly for me

Keep Me Young

On top of its low profit margin, SIA has to regularly use up cash to upkeep its young fleet of aircraft since it’s committed to operating a modern fleet.

As of 31 March 2020, the combined average fleet age of the SIA group was five years and 11 months.

SIA fleet size (March 2020)
Source: Singapore Airlines FY2019/20 annual report

What this means is that almost every six years, the free cash flow that can be returned to shareholders as dividends or be used to reinvest into its business for growth has to be used to purchase new planes instead. 

The capital outlay is humongous too; planes don’t come cheap, ya know

For FY2019/20, around 97% of SIA’s capital spending of some S$5.1 billion was on aircraft, spares and spare engines.

Let’s look at the table below to understand SIA’s free cash flow situation over the last six years:

 FY2014/15FY2015/16FY2016/17FY2017/18FY2018/19FY2019/20
Cash generated from operations
(S$' million)
2,193.92,929.92,583.4 2,745.62,827.42,751.7
Capital expenditure
(S$' million)
2,600.22,909.03,944.75,209.55,562.35,103.5
Free cash flow
(S$' million)
-406.320.9-1,361.3-2,463.9-2,734.9-2,351.8

In general, we can see that its free cash flow has been becoming increasingly negative from FY2014/15 to FY2019/20, with only one slight positive year. 

Investors have to remember that it’s from free cash flow that companies reinvest to grow their business, buy back their shares, pay dividends, or pare down debt.

Balance Sheet Strengthened, But For How Long?  

Add the lack of free cash flow to the fact that SIA has more debt than cash on its balance sheet, the business prospects are indeed not great. 

I prefer companies to have more cash than debt as they are more likely to withstand harsh economic conditions. 

As of 31 March 2019, SIA’s balance sheet had S$2.9 billion in cash but S$6.7 billion in total borrowings.

The figures translate to a net debt position of S$3.8 billion, almost 6x that of FY2018/19’s net profit of S$682.7 million. 

But earlier this year, SIA shored up its balance sheet by raising funds through shareholders to the tune of S$8.8 billion.  

It also raised additional money of around S$2.5 million through aircraft secured financing, credit lines, and short-term unsecured loan. 

With that, as of the latest quarter ended 30 September 2020, the airline’s total borrowings was S$9.5 billion, and its cash balance was higher at S$7.1 billion. 

To conserve cash, the airline’s dividends were cut too, from 30 Singapore cents in FY2018/19 to just 8 cents in FY2019/20. 

For the first half of FY2020/21, SIA didn’t declare any dividends (a year back, it declared 8 cents in dividend). 

Even though SIA’s balance sheet is slightly stronger now than before, the fact remains that it’s operating in a price-sensitive industry without much pricing power

And could it be a matter of time before SIA faces the same old problem of having a weakening balance sheet? Only time will tell… 

SIA’s Not a Buy For Me

With all due respect, Singapore Airlines has been doing a fabulous job as a national carrier amid the pandemic. 

It has been instrumental in getting Singaporeans evacuated back home when countries shuttered their borders. 

I know for sure as one of my loved ones was stuck in India and our government and SIA worked closely with our foreign counterparts to get her back, together with over 600 other people. 

SIA Airbus A380 flying
A tribute photo to Singapore Airlines

But as an investment, I’ve got my reservations. 

Famed investor Warren Buffett once said that he judges businesses on their ability to raise prices (emphases are mine): 

“The single most important decision in evaluating a business is pricing power. If you’ve got the power to raise prices without losing business to a competitor, you’ve got a very good business. And if you have to have a prayer session before raising the price by 10 percent, then you’ve got a terrible business.” 

SIA’s operating in an industry that’s very sensitive to price increases and that doesn’t make for good long-term investment

Therefore, there are better opportunities out there to invest in. 

For Singapore stocks, investors can consider those mentioned here, and for US-listed ones, investors can research more on these stocks

If stock picking is not your thing, you can consider investing in exchange-traded funds (ETFs) tracking the broader Singapore market or the US market. (As to which is the better option, it’s a debate for another day…) 

What Are Your Thoughts on Singapore Airlines?

Why not check out the SeedlyCommunity and participate in the discussion surrounding stocks like Singapore Airlines (SGX: C6L) and many more!

Disclaimer: The information provided by Seedly serves as an educational piece and is not intended to be personalised investment advice. ​Readers should always do their own due diligence and consider their financial goals before investing in any stock. 

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About Sudhan P
It isn't fair competition when only one company in the world makes Monopoly. But I love investing in monopolies. Before joining the Seedly hood, I had the chance to co-author a Singapore-themed investment book – "Invest Lah! The Average Joe's Guide To Investing" – and work at The Motley Fool Singapore as an analyst.
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